Home Interesting Facts Interesting facts about wine - Part II
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Interesting facts about wine - Part II
Vineyards all over the world cover around 8 million hectares, and grapes account for the greatest quantity of fruit grown. There are around 10.000 grape varieties.


There are around 400 varieties of oak, out of which only 20 varieties are used for the production of barrels. Around 5% of the whole oak tree is needed for the production of a quality barrel.

To prevent the sparkling wine from foaming outside the glass while pouring: pour a small quantity first (and it will settle down quickly), then pour the remaining quantity in the previous one then the wine will not foam.

Old wine will never become acid and turn into vinegar. It gets spoilt by oxidation.


In Egypt, at the time of Tutankhamun (about 1300 years B.C.), "ordinary people" drank only beer wine was reserved for higher classes.

Once the application of corks was introduced, bottles were stored horizontally while ageing and the shape of bottles developed from short and ball-like into a long and thin.

When the eruption of Vesuvius buried Pompeii in 79 A.D., it also buried more than 200 wine bars.


Wine has the greatest number of chemical compounds and is regarded more complex than a blood serum .


In 1945, Chateau Mouton-Rothschild started the production of artistic labels, hiring another artist every year to design a unique label for that harvest. Those artists included Chagall, Picasso, Mireau and Vorhol. In 1993, the label was withdrawn from the sales and replaced by an empty label since it was too controversial (a styled naked young woman on the label offended political correctness).


The changes in the wine are obtained by ageing are the result of a very slow interaction of oxygen and wine. It is believed that wine in big bottles ages more slowly since it contains less oxygen per unit of wine volume. A quick oxidation, which is the case of bottles with bad closures, spoils wine.


The upper layer of leaves is often cut prior to harvesting in order to increase the exposure of the grapes to the sun and quicken the ripening process.


The average age of French oak trees cut for wine barrels is 170 years!

The edge of a wine glass is curved to inside in order to retain the flavours from wine and bring it to the nose of a wine lover.

Cold maceration means putting grapes in a place with cold temperature for several days prior to fermentation, thus increasing the colour extraction. This is not done anymore with Pinot Noir since the skin of this variety does not have enough pigmentation compared to red varieties.


The bacterium
Mycoderma turns ethyl-alcohol into acetic acid, thus turning wine into vinegar. However, in the most number of cases, spoiled wine results from fruit oxidation caused by air, other than bacterial turning of alcohol into vinegar.

The most grown variety of grapes in the world is the variety called
Airn. It covers around 400.000 hectares in the central Spain and it is used for the production of medium quality wine, and a very good brandy.

Cuve means a barrel or a cistern. It is used to designate a special series.


Beaujolais Nouveau
(young wine) cannot be legally commissioned for sale until the third Thursday of each November.

Synthetic closures have been used to a great extent lately, but the latest technology for preventing the pollution of closures uses micro-waves.


The labels were used on bottles in early 1700 for the first time, but until 1860 there were no adequate glues to affix them on bottles.


Top quality vineyards in Napa valley are sold for more than 2.500 dollars for one acre! In 2000, there were 847 wineries in California.

Wine is often called nectar of Gods, but Sangiovese is the only grape variety that was named after a god. Sangiovese means Ioves blood.

Egg white, bulls blood and gelatine were used as agents for filtration prior to bottling. An egg white is often used even today.


Brix means sugar percent in grapes prior to fermentation. For example, at 23 C, the brix will more or less be turned in 12.5% of alcohol by yeasts, depending on the efficiency of conversion of used yeasts.


During the production of wine Porto, the mixed grapes get fermented only for 48 hours. Then the fermentation is stopped by adding neutrally distilled alcohol or brandy. This procedure increases the alcohol contents and retains some of natural sugar from grapes.

In 4.000 BC, the Egyptians were the first to use corks to close bottles.


Marketing researches show that most people buy certain wine either because they recognize the brand or are attracted by packaging.

Portugal has 1/3 of world corkwood and supplies 85-90% of cork used in the USA.


Until 1970, Bordeaux produced more white than red wines. Today, red wine account for around 84% of total products.


Sparkling wine will be quickly cooled down you put ice and salt in a cooling dish.


The oldest wine region in Bordeaux is called
Graves.

Although chteau means a castle it may also mean a block of buildings or smaller house in the nearby of vineyards that meets the wine production requirements regarding storage space at the same property.


The Egyptians were the first to use glass vessels around 1500 BC.