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BACKGROUND


Vrsac and its surroundings have been known as viticulture region since the ancient times. This vineyard area covers a great part of the slopes and the bottoms of Vrsac Mountains where natural conditions enable successful vine growing. The viticulture of this region, according to historical data, dates from the Roman rule of these areas and lasts until today.

The first written data on Vrsac wine originate in 1494, when a Budim court steward paid 10,5 golden forint for the barrel of Vrsac wine intended for the Hungarian King Ladislaus.

The significance of viticulture for Vrsac area can be identified by the fact that since 1804, vine has been an integral component of the coat of arms of the town of Vrsac.

In the 19th century, this was the biggest viticulture region in Hungary, and according to certain data, in Europe as well and covered 17.000 acres (10.000 ha). In 1875, a recording harvest took place and one million of buckets of wine was produced (1 bucket = 56 litres). All the crafts and agriculture at that time were directed to viticulture, so Vrsac citizens had to import wheat to provide for food.

In 1880, Swiss wine trader Staub, built a cellar here and called it "Helvetia" with the capacity of 100 wagons, which is in use even today.

Several centuries old tradition of a successful wine growing in the region of Vrsac vineyards point to favourable climate and soil conditions for vine growing and thus the production of quality grapes, wine and strong alcoholic drinks.



VINEYARDS

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Vrsac vineyards cover around 2000 ha plantation vineyards, out of which 1700 ha are owned by the company “Vrsacki vinogradi AD”.

The assortment consists mostly of white wine varieties for the production of quality and top quality wines. Italian Riesling is the most represented variety (over 50%), followed by Rhein Riesling, White Burgundy, Chardonnay, Muscat Ottonel, Spice Traminer, Kreaca, Smederevka, Zupljanka, Sasla. The group of red wine varieties includes Frankovka and Muscat Hamburg varieties. The autochthonous and world-known variety Kreaca is definitely the pride of “Vrsacki vinogradi”.

The vineyards stretch along the south and the north side of the hill at the altitude between 50 – 200m, and apart from the area of Vrscac, covering the area of the surrounding settlements within the territory of Vrsac mountains: Markovac, Gudurica, Veliko Srediste, Socica, Mesic, Jablanka, Kustilj and Pavlis.

The most significant areas in which the top quality grape varieties are grown are as follows: Belo brdo, Hervis, Puzev breg, Palcburg, Kvantovi (I, II, III), Soter, etc.



SOIL STRUCTURE

The soil structure is very favourable for vine growing. Chernozem, sierozem, smonica on tertiary clays and alluvial sandy soil may be found in the southern (Vrsac) side. Weak chernozem, cambisol, skeletoid gajnjaca soil and gajnjaca smonica may be found in the northern and north-east (Gudurica) side. Quartz stone is definitely the most important and it may be found in Belo brdo in the surface. With its radiation it helps to better ripening of grapes, thus the grapes harvested in these lots sometimes contain even 35% of sugar (Vrsac Riesling – Late harvest).


CLIMATE

The climate in Vrsac viticulture region is moderate to continental with sufficient level of precipitations and defined seasonal characteristics which is a favourable factor for vine growing. The south-east wind – “kosava” contributes to soil drying, prevents from the incidence of various diseases and decreases the number of pollinations during a year.

The vine is grown in rows with the inter-row distance of 3m enabling the application of machines in the cultivation of vineyards. The number of vine plants per hectare has been increased in recent years, which results in a reduced yield per vine plant and better quality of grapes.

Grape harvesting machines are used in Vrsac vineyards, but the grapes of quality and top quality varieties is still harvested manually. Between 800 and 1200 seasonal workers are engaged in high season which speaks about the size of these plantations.


CELLAR

The total cellar capacities of “Vrsacki Vinogradi” AD amount 34,2 million litres (3.420 wagons) and they can receive the whole grape yield of Vrsac viticulture area.

 

The “New Cellar” was built in Vrsac in 1968. It has the capacity of 2.000 wagons and has the state-of-art equipment for producing and storing wine. As an architectural solution built under one roof, it represents one of the biggest cellars in Europe.

The quality of our wines is supported also by the fact that the plantations have been concentrated around Vrsac mountains and the grapes are quickly delivered to the processing plants, thus keeping their freshness.

Although the state-of-art equipment was introduced, considerable quantities of wine are stored in a traditional manner in wooden barrels, which is a real delicacy for wine lovers from all over the world.

 

CERTIFICATES

On 11th November 2003, the company “Vrsacki vinogradi AD” started the process of introducing ISO standards for quality control and for the "production of grapes, white and red wines and spirits", which will allow us to guarantee that all stages of production, starting from the head plantation until the final product is strictly controlled.

The company “Vrsacki vinogradi AD” has the original trademark, absolutely protected from falsification by the Agency for the Protection of Intellectual Property.


The grapes from Vrsac mountain slopes and Deliblato Sands are processed in accordance with the technology for making and storing wines and natural brandies made from grapes that has been improved for ages. Their quality is confirmed by numerous local and international recognitions and awards, as well as by faithful consumers of the products of “Vrsacki vinogradi AD”.

With respect to viticulture regionalization, Vrsac vineyards are located within the region of Banat and the South Banat Viticulture sub-region.