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About Wine Culture

Wine used to be and remained an honoured beverage of many civilizations. It represents the most cultivated means for enjoying and a unique cultural and civilization challenge.


Unfortunately, little care is taken about expanding wine culture in our country as a part of general culture of one nation. The expansion of wine culture is very important for civilized and spiritual enjoying in wine. The method of storing and serving wine, matching wine and food and health aspect of wine are taken into special consideration for the purpose of expanding wine culture.

Wine tasting
In case of serving extremely old archived wines, decantation of the wine must be performed because deposits of coloured matters, tannins, wine acid crystals and similar could be formed due to long ageing process of the wine. Thus it is necessary to separate clear wine from a deposit. Decantation i.e., separation of clear wine from a deposit is a very delicate operation where the wine is slowly poured into the vessel for decantation taking care that the deposit remains at the bottom of the bottle. In order to visually observe the deposit in the wine, decantation is usually performed with the candle that is placed in the immediate vicinity of the bottle neck so that a waiter could see the clarity of wine and as long as clear wine is poured decantation is continued. Once cloudiness has been observed, decantation is stopped. During the decantation process, wine is aerated and stronger smells formed during the long ageing process of wine are removed.

RiberauGayon and Peynaud define wine testing as a method to evaluate the wine quality. Wine is subject to the evaluation by our senses, particularly the sense of smell and taste. Testing is looking for different weaknesses of the wine and positive quality characteristics of wine and their identification through description, evaluation and classification. Wine evaluation means the evaluation of the wine appearance (visual evaluation), fragrance and flavour.

Health Aspect of Consuming Wine

Wine is a very complex drink that consists of more than 600 chemical compounds that have been detected and quantified recently. Most of these components are found in wine in very small quantities, but they play an important role in the taste, fragrance and flavour of the wine. The hygienic and nutritive value of wine has been of human interest for ages, thus wine was defined in different ways. Some people consider it an alcoholic beverage, while other consider it as food and cure. The interpretation that wine is not food since it does not contain a sufficient level of essential fatty acids, vitamins, proteins is not convincing since neither sugar, nor oil, nor other foodstuff contain these significant elements necessary for human body. The biggest problem why wine cannot be classified as food is alcohol content (ethanol).

The old Latin saying reads: "Si bene commemini, sunt quinque causae bibensi: hospitis adventus, praesens sitis atque futura, et vini bonitas, et quaelibet altera causa\". (If I remember well, there are five reasons why one should drink: hosting a guest, present and future thirst, good wine and anything else.)

Enigma Called a Label

You enter a supermarket. Its a holiday and you would like to share the moments of joy with the closest members of your family. Wine, that is what youre looking for. You stop in front of the shelf with wine and your initial euphoria slowly becomes a unsolvable problem. Which wine should you choose from hundreds of offered ones?

You would like to taste something new, you turn around and unsuccessfully look for someone that might give you advice. You grasp the bottle with the most beautiful label, and the price is acceptable as well. You think youve solved the problem, but your well planned event was destroyed by the taste of wine that you bought in the supermarket the day before. You accept the situation, but you ask yourself a question. What should I do next time not to make a mistake?

Interesting facts about wine - Part I
Wine has as much calories as the same quantity of grape juice.

During the ageing process, red wines become lighter and white wines become darker.

The average number of grape berries necessary for producing a bottle of wine is 600.

In the American State of Utah, wine must not be swallowed while tasting.

Interesting facts about wine - Part II
Vineyards all over the world cover around 8 million hectares, and grapes account for the greatest quantity of fruit grown. There are around 10.000 grape varieties.

There are around 400 varieties of oak, out of which only 20 varieties are used for the production of barrels. Around 5% of the whole oak tree is needed for the production of a quality barrel.

To prevent the sparkling wine from foaming outside the glass while pouring: pour a small quantity first (and it will settle down quickly), then pour the remaining quantity in the previous one then the wine will not foam.

Old wine will never become acid and turn into vinegar. It gets spoilt by oxidation.

Grapes and wine

Wine is a product obtained by complete or partial alcohol fermentation of must obtained of fresh grapes harvested from wine grape varieties. A vine variety plays a significant role in the quality of wine apart from ripeness and other characteristic of the fruit. There is only one vine variety that is used for producing wine (vitis vinifera). However, there are around 10 000 sub-varieties of grapes in the world today. They are the result of natural selection with a huge impact of generations of grape growers.
Introduction to Wine Producing Process

There are four receiving spots in the wine cellar of "Vrsacki vinogradi AD" enabling a separate receipt of grapes of different varieties, separate receipt of grapes per colour, as well as for a separate processing of grapes that have been covered by grey mould to a great extent. Grapes are delivered by tractor trailers to the weighbridge where the quantities of grapes and sugar are measured. Grapes are unloaded manually or by dumping. The receiving pools are made of concrete with inclined sides that have been insulated by glass panels. The insulation can be achieved by applying a coating of epoxide resin or a thin coating of steel. The panels in the pool are protected from damaging with gum that has been applied for the purpose of attenuating strikes during unloading. Archimedes screw is installed at the bottom of the pool transporting the grapes to the press.